中英双语 | 南海明珠——海口旅游简介

来源:CGTN 中国网

时间:2021-05-06

作者:魏君帆

编辑:符传俊

A Brief Guide to Haikou: the Pearl of S China’s Hainan Island

南海明珠

——海口旅游简介

China.Org Sun, waves, beaches, coconut groves. Haikou has everything. This beautiful coastal city on China’s Hainan Island is also called Coconut City because of its abundance of coconuts.

中国网讯 阳光、海波、沙滩、椰林,海南省省会海口市,有着“椰城”这一美丽的别称。

Although Hainan Island is more than 2,500 kilometers away from the northernmost city of China, distance doesn’t prevent people from all over the country to visit for vacation and wedding photos.Located in the tropics area, Haikou has diverse tropical resources including rubber trees, palms, lychees, and mangoes.

位于祖国最南端的海南省,距离我国北部边陲的直线距离超过2500公里,然而距离问题这并不能阻挡来自全国各地的游客奔赴海南消闲度假。地处亚热带气候区的海口,有着诸如橡胶树、棕榈树、荔枝、芒果等各种特色植被和水果资源,给游客以视觉和味蕾上的美好感受。

History—Since the opening of the port in the Northern Song Dynasty, the city has long been an important location along the coastal area. Haikou was the port of Qiongshan, the ancient administrative capital of Hainan and in its early days it belonged to Guangdong Province. Later, in the 13th century, it became a military post. When Qiongshan opened to foreign trade in 1858, Haikou developed faster, overcoming the old city.Haikou was established as a city on December 9, 1926 and liberated on April 23, 1950. On April 13, 1988, Hainan established a provincial special economic zone.

历史—海口建埠于北宋年间,自古以来便是我国南部沿海地区重镇,历史上,海口长期为琼山管辖并归属于广东。13世纪初,海口被建立为重要军港,1858年琼山开埠通商后,海口发展迅速,1926年12月9日,海口正式设市;1950年4月23日,海口解放。1988年,海南获批经济特区并独立建省,海口成为海南省省会。

Culture——Haikou is known for the“Flower-changing Festival”originating in the“Incense-changing Festival.”At the end of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Haikou already had the incense-changing festival on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month and the Lantern Festival every year.“Changing incense” implies that local people exchange incense, which means blessing each other fortune.In 1984, due to safety considerations, the folks in Haikou changed the name to“changing flowers”, which gradually became the main activity for people to celebrate the Lantern Festival.

文化—海口府城元宵换花节是当地非常隆重的文化活动,这一民俗起源于唐末的“换香节”,是一项业已延续千余年的传统,当地人民把通过“换香”的方式来互赠祝福。在1984年,出于安全考虑,1984年起,人民逐渐把交换的物品由燃香变为鲜花,时至今日,每逢元宵,“换花”都是当地居民庆祝佳节的重要活动。

Destination—Haikou Volcano Cluster National Geological Park covers approximately 108 square kilometers of rural areas. The main attraction here is an ancient tourist park surrounded by an extinct volcano. After passing by the food stalls and gift kiosks, tourists can walk to the volcanic crater in the lush botanical garden, then climb up, all the way to a high point to enjoy a panoramic view of the countryside.

景点—海口火山群国家地质公园占地约108平方公里,围绕马鞍岭火山口这一休眠火山而建的景点非常吸引人。游客不仅有机会观赏火山奇观,更可以沿着栈道登顶“海口最高峰”,一览海口郊区全景。

Food—The local Hainanese chicken stewed in fresh and sweet coconut milk is a local specialty and a must-eat for tourists.Compared to hot pot made with heavy oil, coconut chicken is fresh and healthy, especially suitable for spring and summer. This coconut chicken is nutritious and has unique characteristics. It is a good choice for those just now venturing into Chinese food. 

食物—海南椰子鸡是海口一道当地特色菜,将鸡肉和新鲜甘甜的椰奶炖在一起。和重油的火锅比起来,椰子鸡更加营养、新鲜、健康,尤其适宜在春夏季节食用;对于初次尝试中餐的国际游客而言,椰子鸡是一个不错的选择。